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200th Anniversary Meeting of the Russian Mineralogical Society
Saint Petersburg, Russia
9-12 October 2017
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The first occurrence of carbon nano minerals in natural parageneses aggregate of multi-walled nanotubes, fullerenes and barrelenes

RMS-DPI code:  2017-1-13-0
Scientific session:  1. Actual questions of basic mineralogy.
Author listing:  Povarennykh M.Y.
Principal author:  Povarennykh Mikhail Yurievich
Language:  Russian
Abstract - Summary 
(short description):
As it accepted to consider that fullerenes as a new allotropic mineral form of X-ray-amorphous carbon were firstly extracted from the soot in 1985 during the physico-chemical experiment modelling processes occurring in the Universe within the cloud of carbon dust particles affected by the shock wave from the supernova blast. And few years passed when in 1991 carbon nanotubes were synthesized by the group of Sumio Iijima. Fullerenes, nanotubes, and barrelenes (short barrel-like nanotubes) are the hollow topologically related constructions consisting of onely carbon atoms containing surface (they may be transferred into each other with the help of the tension or compression operations without rupturing and gluing). The existence of such three-dimensional integral individuals as protominerals in the Universe as well as the list of their probable characteristic features (simplicity of chemical composition carbon, minimum dimensions, spherical form, possession of only one and unique primary surface, non-crystal-graphicness, X-ray-amorphism, wide field of physico-chemical stability, absence of crystalline lattice, and high ability to morphology-structural-chemical evolution) were theoretically predicted by us in 1983 well before the synthesis of C60 and C70 carried out and their existence in the Nature has been proved, and the first publications appeared. We succeeded in discovery of carbon nanotubes as a constituent part of matted-fibrous aggregates of nanomineral individuals of multi-walled carbon nanotubes, fullerenes, barrelenes as well as multi-walled micro- and nanoflakes and amorphous carbon within the unique slag-like vesicular pyro-metamorphic rocks resembling fumarole pipes` fields (Kyzyl-Kum desert, Uzbekistan).
Key words: nanomineral individuals of multi-walled carbon nanotubes, fullerenes, barrelenes, and multi-walled micro- and nanoflakes
RMS-DPI code:  2017-1-13-0
Pages:  31-33
File of proceedings 
 138 K
Status:  printed
Revised:  15/09/2017
Accepted:  15/09/2017
Published on-line:  07/12/2017
Permanent address of publication:  http://www.minsoc.ru/2017-1-13-0/
Contact author(s):  Povarennykh, Mikhail Yurievich

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